Materials Science and Engineering is an imperative and evolving interdisciplinary field that applies the tools of basic and applied sciences and engineering to the manufacture and application of all modern materials including metals, ceramics, polymers and electronic and optical materials. Materials Science and Engineering graduates are pursuing careers in companies, research centers and universities in an expanding spectrum of technical endeavors, ranging from health and biotechnology to energy production, transmission, and utilization to manufacturing and materials production to information technologies.
Everything we see and use is made of materials: cars, airplanes, computers, refrigerators, microwave ovens, TVs, dishes, jewelry, athletic equipment of all types, and biomedical devices such as replacement joints and limbs. From the very beginning, technology is in sustainable evolution. Accordingly, the design and application of all the stuffs which we used in our day to day life are dynamically improved. This technological advancement is highly associated with the invention of advanced and smarter materials. Materials scientists and engineers are the one who design and develop new materials and devices.
Development of new materials and upgrading the existing materials through engineering and science will continue to make startling changes in our lives in the future, and material researchers and expertise will continue to be the key in these changes and advances. Normally, such highly qualified professionals and researchers are the outcome of eminent post graduate programs of higher institutions. Unfortunately, in Ethiopia, Materials Science and Engineering profession is not yet adequately familiarized. In the past few years some regional universities have been started undergraduate program particularly in Materials Science. Yet Material Science and Engineering program is in its infant stage. Therefore, developing a new and well organized program particularly a post graduate program in this field is very crucial to reduce the scarcity of the academic staff in the local universities and to produce highly qualified professionals and researchers for the industry and research centers of the country.